Chili peppers are always high yield crops to grow at home. These plants need a warm climate to grow, so it’s best to plant them in indoors if you live in a cooler area, or outside if you live in warmer zones. The ideal time to plant chilies is late spring, but before the wet season hits, as these plants need to grow to a certain height to become sturdy. If you live in a cooler climate, it is best to wait till the warm season to plant these, and for tropical regions, you can plant them all year around.
Chilies are fussy plants, and they hate being transplanted, so if you want to grow them in the ground, its best that you sow the seeds in the ground. You can definitely use special seedling trays, and transplant the seedlings in the ground once they reach a certain height, but it is not a good idea to transplant grown chilies from pots to the ground, as their intricate root system is very fragile.
For the seeds, use a good amount of fertile soil. If your soil is not very rich, then add mulch, manure and compost to it. These plants grow slowly, and you must plant a lot of seeds and be ready for a lot of plants to die, as they require a lot of care. Once grown though, the plants are very tough and can pretty much survive with simple watering and occasional fertilizing.
Watering and fertilizing the plants
You must make sure that the plants get plenty of mulch, and are watered regularly. Don’t over water them either, as that also causes the plant to die. When fertilizing the plants, make sure you add more potassium and less nitrogen to the soil.
Once these plants gain adult size, they are very quick to flower and then to yield fruit. They are usually very high yield plants, and this depends upon the type of chili peppers you grow. The longer you leave the fruit on the plant, the hotter the chili will get. The larger variety of chili peppers are ideal to grow in pots, and you should make sure that the pots have one plant per pot as their root system hates getting crowded or disturbed. If you want to grow small green or red chili peppers, they are ideal to grow in the ground.