Papaya trees are best grown in hot weather, under a lot of sunlight and heat. If you plan to grow papaya trees in your home, you need plenty of sunlight and warmth, so if you live in a cooler climate, you will probably need temperature controlled indoor green houses, otherwise your trees will not be able to grow large enough to bear fruit. Here are some tips on how you can grow beautiful papaya trees.
Select the correct variety
There are 2 types of Papaya trees available, the Mexican and the Hawaiian variety. The Mexican ones grow much easier, and give large fruit while the Hawaiian ones are not that hardy and produce small sized fruit. Overall, papaya trees take 6-10 months to mature in order to give good sized fruit, but in the right weather, I’ve seen them give fruit in 4 months.
Where should you plant the papaya trees?
Papaya trees need plenty of sunshine in order to give juicy healthy fruit so if you want to grow them in winter, it’s better that you delay your plan until it’s good and hot. The best place to plant papaya trees is the part of your garden that gets the most sunshine and heat. Try to protect them from wind as well. They need space for their leaves to spread out as well so make sure you plant them keeping all these things in mind.
One sure shot way to make your papaya trees bear fruit that actually ripen is by adding zinc to the soil. I’ve actually had a batch of trees give lovely fruit, just to have the green fruit shrivel up and die! Then I was advised to add zinc to the soil, as the lack of this mineral may cause the fruit not to ripen. The soil that you use should have excellent drainage as well. Also regular addition of Nitrogen and Phosphorus is essential for the health of the plant. Chicken manure is a good fertilizer to use for papaya trees.
Papaya trees don’t need a lot of watering; every alternate day should be good enough. Their root systems are highly susceptible to rot, and over watering them should be avoided. In winter they need to be kept as dry as possible in order to avoid frost injuries. If your soil has a good drainage system, then you can water them more in the summer, but ideally alternate day watering should be good.
Protection from wind and frost
Papayas are fussy trees, and they constantly need to be protected from strong winds and frost. Most trees are hardy and can withstand extreme weather, especially the Mexican variety, but you still might need to cover them with some sort of overhead protection during extreme chills.